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  Early Man's Firemaking Skills
Posted by: Guest - 04-30-2004, 10:11 PM - Forum: Hoodlum Workshop-Photos Please - Replies (2)

[url="http://www.nature.com/nsu/040426/040426-16.html"]http://www.nature.com/nsu/040426/040426-16.html[/url]



Earliest fire sheds light on hominids

Ancient hearths unveiled as nearly 800 millennia old.

30 April 2004

NADJA NEUMANN



You could travel back 790,000 years and still find someone to light your fire: archaeologists have collected evidence that early humans mastered fire much earlier than previously thought.



There is already good evidence for hearths that are 250,000 years old, and it was widely believed that the first controlled handling of fire occurred 400,000 to 500,000 years ago.



But an analysis of burned remains carried out by Naama Goren-Inbar of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, and her team now proves that fire was tamed at least 300,000 years earlier than that.



The researchers have spent the past 15 years unearthing and sorting sediments at a site called Gesher Benot Ya'aqov in Israel. The site is of particular interest to archaeologists because it was an old crossroads between Asia and Eurasia. It is also waterlogged, which means that any ancient remains are extremely well conserved.



The team sorted flint and wood from the 790,000-year-old site into burned and unburned material. They found that burned material made up less than 2% of the total and was concentrated at specific locations in the site, suggesting the fires that created it were started and controlled by early humans.



Goren-Inbar sees the study as a breakthrough in terms of understanding the evolution of hominids: the fact that they were using fire so early tells scientists a great deal about their abilities and behaviour at the time.



Hearth desire



As well as providing protection against wild animals, fire would have enabled hominids to cook their food, stay warm during the winter and possibly improve their weapons.



Chris Stringer from the Natural History Museum in London, UK, suggests that the use of fire would have enriched the hominids' social lives too. People may have gathered around camp-fires, staying awake longer and interacting more than before.



He also points out that this first use of fire correlates with the time that hominids are thought to have entered colder areas such as Europe and Northern China, suggesting that fire helped hominids to explore environments that were previously too hostile.



Goren-Inbar's analysis suggests that, as well as using fire, inhabitants of the site in Israel were collecting plant food, hunting and processing meat.



The team plans further analysis of the site's material to determine which species of hominid was responsible for the fires. Homo erectus, Homo ergaster and Homo sapiens were all around at the time, and all were able to walk upright, had large brains and were already using tools made of stone.





© Nature News Service / Macmillan Magazines Ltd 2004

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  For Sage--best Edible Plants Of This Area
Posted by: storm - 04-30-2004, 04:52 PM - Forum: Hoodlum Workshop-Photos Please - No Replies

there are a lot of ways to define best, but here are the most important edibles around here IMHO:



Flowers/Foliage/Root:

Acer macrophyllum--Big-Leaf Maple

Alnus rubra--Red Alder

Claytonia cordifolia--Heart-leaved Spring Beauty

Claytonia lanceolata--Western Spring Beauty

Claytonia perfoliata--Miner's Lettuce

Claytonia sibirica--Siberian Miner's Lettuce

Lysichiton americanum--Skunk Cabbage

Petasites palmatus--Coltsfoot

Polystichum munitum--Sword Fern

Typha latifolia--Cattail



Berries/Fruit:

Gaultheria shallon--Salal

Mahonia aquifolium--Tall Oregon Grape

Mahonia nervosa--Dull Oregon Grape

Ribes sanguineum--Red-Flowering Currant

Rosa gymnocarpa--Bald-Hip Rose

Rubus discolor--Himalayan Blackberry

Rubus laciniatus--Evergreen Blackberry

Rubus spectabilis--Salmonberry

Rubus ursinus--Trailing Blackberry

Sambucus racemosa var. pubens --Red Elderberry

Streptopus amplexifolius--Clasping Twisted-Stalk

Vaccinium membranaceum--Black Huckleberry

Vaccinium ovalifolium--Oval-Leaved Blueberry

Vaccinium parviflorum--Red Huckleberry



if you want (for your book), i can also send you some native names for some of the above plants. but i can't type them here--don't have the special characters on the keyboard. i'd have to mail them to you. let me know!

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  Anybody Got Sources For First Aid Supplies
Posted by: Cyblade - 04-30-2004, 04:38 AM - Forum: Questions and Answers - Replies (7)

I'm looking at putting together an extra large family first aid kit. Something that will cover anything short of surgery. The thing is I cant afford to buy a pre-made mega kit so I'm gonna have to go piece by piece. I could use some links to trusted places.....

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  Easy Trail Meals
Posted by: hootsmeister - 04-29-2004, 08:01 PM - Forum: Wilderness Cooking Forum - Replies (3)

I found this whilst looking for something else :



[url="http://www.motherearthnews.com/menarch/archive/issues/086/086-048-01.htm"]http://www.motherearthnews.com/menarch/arc.../086-048-01.htm[/url]



This article is by June Fleming, whom, if memory serves me correctly, wrote a book based on this article.



We've had discussions about trail meals before, and I thought this would be of interest.



Dave H.

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  Alder Seedling Edibility
Posted by: storm - 04-29-2004, 05:05 PM - Forum: Hoodlum Workshop-Photos Please - Replies (3)

we have a lot of alder seedlings this year and i'm wondering if they're safely edible. anyone out there know?



[url="http://pic6.picturetrail.com/VOL173/2131701/4174209/52400259.jpg"]alder seedling photo[/url]



[url="http://pic6.picturetrail.com/VOL173/2131701/4174209/52400266.jpg"]stone-boiling alder seedlings[/url]

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  Clothing For Desert Survival
Posted by: UCFKnight04 - 04-29-2004, 03:18 PM - Forum: Questions and Answers - Replies (26)

Hi, I am going to be in Southern Sudan for 2 years. I just got the Desert Survival Video, and Ron says to wear pants and long sleave shirt. But, I don't remember anything about the material they are made of. I am wondering if a pair of camo pants will do, or should they be some sort of special material or just cotten. If anyone knows a specific brand that would be helpful also.

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  Good Flies For My Survival Kit
Posted by: blacktapebandit - 04-29-2004, 05:06 AM - Forum: Questions and Answers - Replies (9)

im a newbie and would like to now the best flies for my survival kit



i live in texas so i will mostly be going after bass and panfish



also some good trout flies and how and were to use them in a survival situation



any info will be greatly apreaciated

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  Michigan Hoodlums
Posted by: Lisa - 04-28-2004, 05:38 PM - Forum: Questions and Answers - Replies (10)

Hello and Hiya to all the michigan Hoodlums,



Hope no one got the ugly snow we got here day before yesterday. <img src='http://www.hoodswoods.net/IVB/public/style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/dry.gif' class='bbc_emoticon' alt='<_<' /> But that's michigan for ya. Was wondering when the Get together on Bois Island is going to be, or if there is going to be one sooner?? Just had someone come through my line at work last night (I'm a cashier btw <img src='http://www.hoodswoods.net/IVB/public/style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/laugh.gif' class='bbc_emoticon' alt=':lol:' /> ) and he was buying a soldier of fortune magazine. When I asked him if he was into wilderness survival, his wife laughed and said he was into everything since he was an ex-marine. I gave him the Hoodlums website to check out the videos. I tested him a bit saying the only ones into survivalism locally was our michigan miltia (sp?). LOL <img src='http://www.hoodswoods.net/IVB/public/style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/tongue.gif' class='bbc_emoticon' alt='Tongue' />



Check ya later,



Lisa

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  Springs Here!
Posted by: Lisa - 04-28-2004, 05:32 PM - Forum: Wilderness Cooking Forum - Replies (6)

Woo-Hoo!



Springs finally here! <img src='http://www.hoodswoods.net/IVB/public/style_emoticons/<#EMO_DIR#>/biggrin.gif' class='bbc_emoticon' alt='Big Grin' /> Its about time. With the warm weather and all, the puffballs and morals will be out. (Take a DNR coarse, read a book, learn your mushrooms before ya pick them). The Fiddleheads and other tasty treats will be out. Certainly a wonderful gift Mother Gaia gives us each spring and summer for those of us who are hunter-gatherers or Hoodlums. LOL



See ya all on the Trail,



Lisa

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  Working With Antlers
Posted by: Ursoka - 04-28-2004, 04:45 PM - Forum: Hoodlum Workshop-Photos Please - Replies (19)

Hey all,



I just got myself some fair sized pieces of elk antler and I was wondering what I could do to get it white. I cut off a piece and tried some diluted bleach, but it didnt turn out the way I wanted. Any advice?



Bill

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